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National review into the murders of Arthur Labinjo-Hughes and Star Hobson

The National Review into the murders of Arthur Labinjo-Hughes and Star Hobson has been published.

This review sets out recommendations and findings for national government and local safeguarding partners to protect children at risk of serious harm.

It examines the circumstances leading up to the deaths of Arthur Labinjo-Hughes and Star Hobson and considers whether their murders reflect wider national issues in child protection.

Learning from the review will impact nationally on the child protection system and include:

Recommendation 1: A new expert-led, multi-agency model for child protection investigation, planning, intervention, and review.

Recommendation 2: Establishing National Multi-Agency Practice Standards for Child Protection.

Recommendation 3: Strengthening the local Safeguarding Partners to ensure proper co-ordination and involvement of all agencies.

Recommendation 4: Changes to multi-agency inspection to better understand local performance and drive improvement.

Recommendation 5: A new role for the Child Safeguarding Practice Review Panel in driving practice improvement in Safeguarding Partners.

Recommendation 6: A sharper performance focus and better co-ordination of child protection policy in central Government.

Recommendation 7: Using the potential of data to help professionals protect children.

Recommendation 8: Specific practice improvements in relation to domestic abuse.


For further details and to see the report in full, please visit:


This guidance sets out the legal duties you must follow to safeguard and promote the welfare of children and young people under the age of 18 in schools and colleges.

This guidance applies to all schools and colleges and is for:

  • headteachers, teachers and staff
  • governing bodies, proprietors and management committees

All school and college staff should read part 1 of this guidance.

'Keeping children safe in education 2022’ is for information only and does not come into force until 1 September 2022.

Schools and colleges must continue to use ‘Keeping children safe in education 2021’ until then.

Statutory guidance sets out what schools must do to comply with the law. You should follow the guidance unless you have a good reason not to.





Scores of Safeguarding Complaints at After-School Clubs

Dozens of allegations of safeguarding failures in after-school clubs - including assaults, neglect and sexual abuse - have been uncovered by BBC News.

More than 80 referrals have been made about clubs in school grounds in the past five years, according to information requests.

In one incident, an eight-year-old boy had to clean his younger sister after she soiled herself. The Department for Education says every child should feel safe in after-school clubs.

Parents rely on breakfast and after-school clubs to provide childcare outside of school hours.

Many after-school clubs are not regulated as providers in England do not need to register with Ofsted unless they offer childcare for more than two hours.

They can register voluntarily with Ofsted in England but only 10% are inspected a year, meaning they may not be inspected for nearly a decade.

BBC News has learned of 84 safeguarding referrals made about incidents at after-school clubs in the past five years in England and Wales from freedom of information requests to local authorities.

These included an allegation of sexual abuse potentially involving multiple children at an after-school club in Devon and separate allegations of neglect, physical harm and unexplained bruising elsewhere. One child was found to have been dragged across a room by a staff member in Southampton.

BBC News has spoken to the mother of an eight-year-old black boy who was forced to clean his five-year-old sister against his wishes after she soiled herself at Greenleaf After School Club in Walthamstow, north London.

The boy told his mother he was made to do this in front of other pupils despite toilets being located nearby.

A staff member said: "I am not cleaning her, she is your sister, you clean her," according to the mother.

The girl, who has special educational needs, was left with excrement on her leg and without knickers or tights when she was picked up in near freezing conditions in November 2020.

Her mother said the incident was racist and an example of "adultification", where young black children are perceived as older than they are.

"I don't allow my child to see his sister's genitals, how on earth do they think that is acceptable?" the mother said. "They would never possibly ask a white child to do that."

She said the incident "humiliated" her children and has badly affected their relationship.

A review by an independent safeguarding consultant substantiated the incident - as did an investigation by the local authority.

The consultant told the mother the incident was "unacceptable" and concluded that the care received by the two children "fell far below" expectations.

The boy's mother says he also told her he had previously been asked to clean his sister at the club on two other occasions after she had wet herself.

BBC News has also learned that a different child was left for an hour in a chair after also soiling themselves at the club and was found with excrement on their hands.

The children's experiences are among several the BBC has learned of at after-school clubs which were substantiated by the local authorities investigating them.

The mother of the two siblings said it was difficult for parents to know about the quality of safeguarding in after-school clubs.

"After-school clubs are blind spots that need to be addressed," she said.

Greenleaf Primary School, which was responsible for the club where the boy was made to clean his sister, said: "We have apologised unreservedly to the parent of the children involved and more widely to all users of the Greenleaf After School Club. "This incident should not have happened, and we are determined to learn the lessons as we continue to provide our young people with the best start in life. "Greenleaf Primary is a school that prides itself on treating children from all backgrounds equally."

It added that staff had been provided with further training after the incident and that the two members of staff involved were "removed from dealing with the affected children".

However, the mother said she saw one of these two staff members in direct contact with her son when collecting her children on their return to using the club.

She also disputed that she had been provided with an unreserved apology and said she was being represented by the Good Law Project in legal action against the school.

A Department for Education spokesperson said in a statement: "Every child should feel safe in education, including at after-school clubs.

"That's why local agencies can use a range of legislative powers - including safeguarding, health and safety, and premises regulations powers - to protect children from harm."


Credited: Noel Titheradge, BBC News,, 5th May 2022


Free Primary School Grooming Resource

Alright Charlie – CSE Primary School Resource - free video, workbook and downloads available for professionals and young people

'Alright Charlie’ is a preventative resource pack that addresses child sexual exploitation (CSE) and grooming in a way that is age appropriate. A fantastic insight into CSE for both professionals and young people aimed at Year 5 and 6 and onwards. 

Basis Training, together with the Blast Project supported the development of a gender neutral, age appropriate video resource (Alright Charlie) for raising awareness of child sexual exploitation (CSE) in primary schools.  



Youth warnings, reprimands and cautions will no longer be automatically disclosed to employers who require Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS) certificates from 28 November.

The changes, which come as a result of a Supreme Court judgment that found some elements of the existing filtering rules for Standard and Enhanced DBS checks were disproportionate, are intended to make it easier for people with certain convictions to find employment.

The multiple conviction rule will also be removed, meaning that if an individual has more than one conviction, regardless of offence type or time passed, each conviction will be considered against the remaining rules individually, rather than all being automatically disclosed on the certificate.

Christopher Stacey, co-director of Unlock – a group that campaigns for people with convictions – welcomed the changes, but said they did not go far enough to improve access to work for some people with childhood convictions. 

“The changes coming in on 28 November are a crucial first step towards achieving a fair system that takes a more balanced approach towards disclosing criminal records,” he said. “However, we are still left with a criminal records system where many people with old and minor criminal records are shut out of jobs that they are qualified to do.

“We found that over a five-year period, 380,000 checks contained childhood convictions, with 2,795 checks including convictions from children aged just ten. Many of these childhood convictions will continue to be disclosed despite these changes.

“Reviews by the Law Commission, Justice Select Committee, former Chair of the Youth Justice Board Charlie Taylor and David Lammy MP have all stressed the need to look at the wider disclosure system. The government’s plan for jobs should include a wider review of the criminal records disclosure system to ensure all law-abiding people with criminal records are able to move on into employment and contribute to our economic recovery.”

New DBS guidance advises organisations to update their recruitment processes in light of the changes and check the Ministry of Justice website for which convictions or cautions should be disclosed by job candidates.

It suggests that employers ask job candidates: “Do you have any convictions or cautions (excluding youth cautions, reprimands or warnings) that are not ‘protected’ as defined by the Ministry of Justice?”

It also urged employers to include the following paragraph in their standard job application forms: “The amendments to the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 (Exceptions) Order 1975 (2013 and 2020) provides that when applying for certain jobs and activities, certain convictions and cautions are considered ‘protected’. This means that they do not need to be disclosed to employers, and if they are disclosed, employers cannot take them into account.”

The guidance says: “Employers can only ask an individual to provide details of convictions and cautions that they are legally entitled to know about.

“If an employer takes into account a conviction or caution that would not have been disclosed, they are acting unlawfully under the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974.

“Employers should conduct a case-by-case analysis of any convictions and cautions disclosed and consider how, if at all, they are relevant to the position sought. It would be advisable for the employer to keep records of the reasons for any employment decision (and in particular rejections), including whether any convictions or cautions were taken into account and, if so, why.”

Cedit: Ashley Webber - Personnel Today

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